© Neil Spark

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11 Nov 2016

The violence against Jewish people in Germany on 8 and 9 November 1938 was an omen of annihilation. What became known as Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Crystal) wasn’t the first European Jewish pogrom. But it was the first that was not only sanctioned by the government of an advanced in...

9 Nov 2016

Philipp Scheidemann proclaims a republic.

The most tumultuous day in German history would have to be 9 November 1918. Some historians refer to it as Schicksalstag (Day of Fate). On that day in:

  • 1989, the Berlin Wall, that had divided Germany since 1961, fell.

  • 1938, there was a st...

8 Nov 2016

The Nazi’s coup attempt in Munich in November 1923 failed but it succeeded in creating a national profile for its leader Adolf Hitler. He was a provincial Bavarian politician before the coup attempt; after he was a national right-wing identity.

The ill-thought out coup plans were inspi...

6 Nov 2016

The last free election in the whole of Germany for 58 years was on Sunday, 6 November 1932. There were elections in West Germany in August 1949 and the unified Germany in December 1990.

The November 1932 election for the legislature (Reichstag) was the fourth that year. The first round...

5 Nov 2016

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces General Field Marshall Werner von Blomberg 

Global conquest had always been the goal of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler. But his public pronouncements were the opposite. He was proclaiming his desire for peace right up to Britain and France’s declaration...

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